When I was a younger man in the workforce, the leadership styles under the Baby Boomer generation were different than they are now. Service leadership isn't about giving up who you are as a person. These leaders were willing to kick us out if we didn't do what they told us to do. We worked hard and then we were expected to work harder.
If we weren't happy, it was the old mentality of “don't let the door knock on your ass on the way out”. Leadership has become more collaborative and people-oriented Just a few decades ago, autocratic leadership was the norm. Remote work was an abstract idea and managers made important decisions with little or no input from their employees. The focus was on performing tasks in any situation.
It was later recognized that the environment plays an important role in the leader-follower dynamic and this belief dominated the situational era, 14 As the name suggests, the situational era focuses on leadership in particular situations, rather than on the traits or behaviors of leaders. This implies that leaders must be able to assess the context in which they operate and then decide which style will best “fit” the situation. Because the best style depends on the situation, this approach is known as the contingency theory of leadership. However, leadership continues to generate a captivating and confusing debate due to the complexity of the topic.
Leadership development has already focused on increasing the capacity of leaders to deal with VUCA. Over the past twenty years, organizations have shifted from an autocratic leadership style to a more collaborative one, moving from task-oriented to people-oriented. This led to a shift in focus from the characteristics and behaviors of leaders to a more systemic perspective, focusing on leadership as a collective social process that results from the interactions of multiple factors. To this end, developing traits of flexibility to accept challenges, agility to face them easily, and empathy to help others overcome rapidly changing realities become an essential arsenal in the leadership kitten.
Both theories state that effective leadership depends on the leader's ability to engage, energize and develop followers. Clearly, the most popular leadership theories today are transformational leadership and the Leader—Member Exchange (LMX) theory. As a result, new leadership theories were formulated in an attempt to address the new reality of organizations and companies, resulting in newer and more relevant definitions of leader, follower and situation. There has been a marked shift towards a more collaborative leadership style, employee feedback is often seen as an integral part of decision-making processes, and employee engagement is an important principle of human resource management.
As the pace of technological and business change can only be expected to increase in the future, the idea of effective leadership will also continue to evolve.