Regional Offices WHO Member States are grouped into 6 regions. Each region has a regional office. WHO Member States are grouped into 6 regions. The main bodies of WHO are the World Health Assembly, the Executive Council and the secretariat, headed by a Director-General.
All WHO members are represented at the World Health Assembly. Each member has one vote, but can send three delegates. According to the WHO constitution, delegates should be elected on the basis of their technical competence and, preferably, should represent national health administrations. Delegations may include alternates and advisors.
The assembly meets annually, usually in May, for approximately three weeks. Most of the meetings have been held at WHO headquarters in Geneva. Each assembly elects a president. The World Health Assembly determines the organization's policies and deals with budgetary, administrative and similar issues.
By a two-thirds vote, the assembly may adopt conventions or agreements. While these are not binding on member governments until they accept them, WHO members must take steps leading to their acceptance within 18 months. Therefore, every member government, even if its delegation voted against a convention in the assembly, must act. For example, you should submit the convention to your legislature for ratification.
You must then notify WHO of the measures taken. If the action is not successful, you must notify WHO of the reasons for the non-acceptance. The World Health Assembly may elect any 32 member countries (the only rule is equitable geographical distribution) for three-year terms, and each of the elected countries appoints a person technically qualified in the field of health to the WHO Executive Board. Countries are elected by rotation, one-third of the members are replaced each year, and they can succeed themselves.
Board members act as individuals and not as representatives of their governments. While a more traditional organizational structure might look more like a pyramid with multiple levels of supervisors, managers and directors between staff and leadership, the flat structure limits levels of management, so that all staff are just a few steps away from leadership. Often, a network structure is created when one company works with another to share resources, or if your company has multiple locations with different roles and leadership. Then, if you need to change or change your leadership, you can visualize how workflows would work by adjusting organizational structure diagrams.